The transformation of the towns in the late Middle Ages between Valence and Pisa

  • Bernard Gauthiez Université de Lyon/Jean‑Moulin Lyon 3; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 5600 Environnement, Ville, Société
Keywords: Medieval city, Urban morphology, north‑west Mediterranean, differenciation processes, Urban change


The morphology of the cities considerably changes during the late Middle Age, with some last extensions, a consolidation and densification process, new important religious and public buildings, the evolution of the trading spaces, the appearance of urban fringes, in a context of growing technicity. Later, the epidemics and the Hundred Years war induce from the mid‑Fourteenth century, because of the demographic collapse and of the building of new fortification walls, a cristallisation of the urbanised perimetres and the abandonment of the extra‑muros quarters. This corresponds to a new differenciation phase between the cities.